Role and key skills of a Cybersecurity Engineer in an Enterprise Environment

As the prevalence of cybercrimes rises, cybersecurity engineers are in great demand. According to INTERPOL, the COVID-19 pandemic boosted cybercrime by 600 percent in 2020. As businesses depend mainly more on digital platforms for information sharing, transactions, and data sharing, bad actors might exploit system weaknesses to gain access. Cybersecurity engineers have the responsibility to anticipate such assaults and reduce their repercussions to the maximum extent possible. This article discusses the job role in detail and the skill requirements of a cybersecurity engineer in an Enterprise Environment.

Role of a Cybersecurity Engineer

Examine the IT ecosystem for flaws.

This is an aspect of the proactive nature of the cybersecurity engineer’s job. They perform several tests to identify the weakness of the system and the IT supply chain. They must be knowledgeable with testing tools for this purpose, including web app testing tools, network mappers, password-based attack simulators, social engineering testing tools, and penetration testing tools.

 Create security procedures and protocols.

This is a strategic facet of the job of a cybersecurity engineer. A well-designed structure will ensure that no security vulnerabilities are introduced into the system and that all stakeholders adhere to the best practices required to limit exploitable flaws to a minimum. To do this, cybersecurity engineers will need to work with the technical support team as well as non-technical stakeholders such as the individual learning and development unit to increase awareness and provide security knowledge.

Determine and choose the finest threat protection software.

Cybersecurity software is a thriving industry. It might be tough to choose the best solution for a business which is where cybersecurity engineers come in. They collaborate with information security experts and the IT team to assess the finest threat prevention software market. Keep in mind that the weaknesses uncovered by the cybersecurity engineer’s examination are linked to the software. 

Create and deploy new security methods.

In some organizational circumstances, cybersecurity engineers are responsible for creating security systems from the ground up, notably for application security and data security. To do this, cybersecurity engineers need to be proficient with cryptography, SQL, Ruby, PowerShell, Node, and JavaScript to build and apply improvements to the codebase that will make the organization more protected. 

Maintain and upgrade security protocols

Cybercrime evolves, and it evolves quickly. Cybersecurity engineers assist their employers in staying up by monitoring for new vulnerabilities, developing threats, and defense mechanisms. When there is an organizational shift or a large-scale digital initiative, they examine and evaluate the environment for security flaws.

Analyze cyberattacks to determine the source of the problem.

This is a component of the reactive portion of the work of a cybersecurity engineer. If there is an attack, unauthorized access, or information leakage, the incident must be investigated to determine the underlying cause. They must be conversant with investigative enablers such as malware analysis tools, security forensics, threat hunting tools, and many more. They will also work with the IT and PR teams to develop a relevant public response if needed. 

Create reports and help with evaluations

This is a regular regulatory component of the job of a cybersecurity engineer. They are expected to develop and maintain complete reports on their observations, proposals, and improvements adopted as a result of all of the aforementioned activities. Whether conducted internally or by an independent third party, the cybersecurity engineer plays a critical role in any auditing process.

Key Skills Needed to be a successful cybersecurity engineer

Programming language and tool knowledge

Cybersecurity experts are tasked with creating entirely new security methods. Therefore, They must have both theoretical and practical understanding of common programming and scripting languages and database systems. There are other technologies like PowerShell and OpenSSH that help with automated processes and secure networking, which the cybersecurity engineer must be able to utilize.

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Comprehensive knowledge of operating systems (OS)

Most businesses run a heterogeneous OS environment that includes Windows, macOS, multiple Linux distributions, mobile operating systems, and Internet of Things (IoT) platforms. The cybersecurity engineer must know to protect the whole environment while considering the requirements and technical specifications of each operating system. They should also be able to assist IT in setting devices to reduce security concerns.

Knowledge of cybersecurity principles and procedures

In recent years, there has been a significant amount of study on cybersecurity, which may assist defend businesses from sophisticated assaults. There are secure development approaches and standardization models, and threat libraries such as Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures International. This type of industry experience and knowledge of cybersecurity management systems are required of cybersecurity engineers.

Ethical hacking capabilities skills

Ethical hacking is a rapidly increasing competence among cybersecurity engineers because it aids in the prevention of zero-day attacks. Ethical hacking skill sets enable security experts to approach the organization from an outsider’s perspective and look for weaknesses that can be exploited. They can also develop a virtual environment that the cybersecurity engineer can securely hack to test out all conceivable situations.

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 Hands-on experience with complicated network architectures

A large majority of cybersecurity assaults result from weaknesses in network setups. And the hazards have only grown as we have become more reliant on network access for collaboration, customer transactions, and other forms of productive jobs. Cyber Security engineers should know how to assess the current networking environment and be engaged when constructing the network model or introducing new modules.


At the end of the day, no one can dispute that cyber-attacks have become more sophisticated than before. However, cyber security specialists need to improve their skills. While the career opportunity is right here, now is the best time to get started and improve your Cyber Security skills so that you can sail the Cyber Security career tide of 2022.

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By Richa Sareen
Richa Sareen